Belgian Malinois Dog Breed Information Profile
The Belgian Malinois is one of a group of shepherding dogs from Europe. The breed is a sort of niche breed that has found fame and accolade from his high degree of train ability and prowess as a protector. This is an alert and intelligent dog and is keen to please, but this attribute does not predispose him to be a family pet.
Typically, the Belgian Malinois has found himself employed as a police dog or watchdog. And, while his popularity in the ring is modest at best, the breed makes his presence known as a keeper of the peace throughout the world.
Belgian Malinois Dog Breed Facts
The Malinois is a medium-to-large breed of dog, sometimes classified as a variety of the Belgian Shepherd dog rather than as a separate breed. The name “Malinois” is derived from Malines, the French name for the breed’s Flemish city of origin, Mechelen.
Life expectancy: 12 – 14 years
Temperament: Alert, Stubborn, Hard-working, Confident, Friendly, Active, Protective, Watchful
Weight: Male: 29–34 kg, Female: 25–30 kg
Colors: Black-tipped Fawn, Tan, Mahogany
Height: Male: 61–66 cm, Female: 56–61 cm
All About Belgian Malinois Dogs & Puppies
History of the Belgian Malinois Dog Breed
The Belgian Malinois is one of a group of shepherding dogs from Europe. This is a sort of niche breed that has found fame and accolade from his high degree of train ability and prowess as a protector. The Belgian Malinois is an alert and intelligent dog and is keen to please, but this attribute does not predispose him to be a family pet.
Typically, the Belgian Malinois has found himself employed as a police dog or watchdog. And, while his popularity in the ring is modest at best, the Belgian Malinois makes his presence known as a keeper of the peace throughout the world.
Belgian Malinois Dog Breed Appearance
What does a Belgian Malinois dog look like?
The Belgian Malinois appears sleek yet powerful. He is taller and less bulky than the German Shepherd and has a shorter coat than his compatriot the Belgian Tervuren. The Belgian Malinois has a narrow skull with large, triangular ears that sit erect on his head.
The Belgian Malinois has a distinctive black mask that fades between his eyes and re-emerges as a patch between his ears. The outer coat of the Belgian Malinois is short and straight with a wiry texture.
The undercoat is softer but quite dense. The tail is carried low unless he is running, in which case the tail is carrier higher. On the whole, the Belgian Malinois is a no-nonsense dog and appears intelligent and ready for action.
Personality and Character of the Belgian Malinois Dog Breed
What kind of personality does a Belgian Malinois have?
The Belgian Malinois is a serious and alert dog. This breed is highly trainable and makes the quintessential watchdog and protector. A playmate he is not and families with small children are not well suited for this breed. The Belgian Malinois will be mercifully aloof with strangers unless otherwise commanded. Other dogs will not be extended this liberty and commonly, the Belgian Malinois shows aggression towards them.
That being said, the Belgian Malinois is one of the most manageable breeds when well trained. Police forces around the world will attest to the Belgian Malinois willingness to consistently obey commands when temptation to do otherwise abounds. Therefore, the Belgian Malinois can be trained to be more agreeable with strangers and other pets. But make no mistake, the Belgian Malinois is typically not a cuddly, patient dog who will welcome playful affection.
Belgian Malinois Dog Breed Health Issues
The Belgian Malinois is a typically healthy breed. There are no common major health problems associated with the Belgian Malinois. Minor health concerns include CHD, elbow dysplasia, PRA, cataracts. pannus and hemangiosarcoma.
Training Your Belgian Malinois
The Belgian Malinois is one of the most highly trainable breeds in the world. Nonetheless, the Belgian Malinois must be trained properly by an experienced handler who is firm but kind. The Belgian Malinois is eager to learn and is keen to earn your praise, but he can be sensitive and may refuse to participate if he takes a disliking to the training methods.
If your chose to train your Belgian Malinois yourself, do consult an expert for advice. Once habituated, the Belgian Malinois may be reluctant to modify his behavior and this can be problematic if he becomes overly protective. Also, there are many useful commercial devices designed specifically for the Belgian Malinois. Muzzles, harnesses and leads are available to aid in the training process.
Belgian Malinois Dog Breed Care
The Belgian Malinois has substantial exercise requirements. His powerful muscles crave an outlet for his pent energy so walking and running him are essential. The herding instinct of the Belgian Malinois tends to make in run in wide, sweeping circles so large, open fields are a good place to allow him to run. Dog parks may not be well suited for the Belgian Malinois as his temperament can cause him to show aggression toward other, less standoffish breeds.
The Belgian Malinois owner can expect daily 10 kilometre walks and additional time and space for running. The Belgian Malinois will play, but he can be particular about with whom. Similarly, cooperation can be reserved for a select few, so hired dog walkers may not be pragmatic.
The Belgian Malinois needs little in the way of grooming. A weekly brushing to remove dead hairs is all that is necessary. The exception to this is when the Belgian Malinois blows his coat and the shed and the brushing increases.
Avoid over-bathing your Belgian Malinois as his water resistant coat may be compromised. Monthly, perhaps bi-monthly bathing is sufficient. His paws can be spot-cleaned if necessary.
Is a Belgian Malinois the Right Dog Breed For You?
The Belgian Malinois cannot be properly classified as a family pet. Certainly, many families own a Belgian Malinois and may even report that he is gentle and affectionate, but this is the exception rather than the rule. The Belgian Malinois is best described as a utility dog whose protection ability and watchdog skills are unparalleled. So, if your goal in breed selection is as aforementioned, the Belgian Malinois makes a splendid pet.
When purchasing your Belgian Malinois, resist the urge to purchase a dog inexpensively from a pet store or from an advertisement in a newspaper. You may unwittingly buy a mal-adjusted, sick, puppy mill dog. This is to be avoided at all costs.
Frequently Asked Questions About the Belgian Malinois Dog Breed
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